About a half dozen tornadoes occurred within the outer rain bands from Alex. , As floodwaters receded from the Pesquería River in Escobedo, Nuevo León, the remnants of a 15,000-year-old mammoth were discovered by local residents. , Throughout the state, the storm and resultant floods damaged at least 6,000 homes, 202 schools, and 500 businesses.  Approximately 500,000 people were affected by floods throughout northeastern Mexico. 1996 0 obj <> endobj 2012 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<5129C9AB87E5D04891DAE50AF4D74375>]/Index[1996 30]/Info 1995 0 R/Length 86/Prev 937171/Root 1997 0 R/Size 2026/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream  20,000 were considered total losses, most of them in Sabinas. Power was restored the same evening.  Following the hurricane's landfall in Tamaulipas, a 25-year-old man was rescued from a storm drain.  At the same time, Alex was moving slowly off the northwest coast of the Yucatán Peninsula, and the environment's conditions became more favorable for intensification as the tropical storm tracked away from the coast. President Barack Obama also declared a state of emergency, freeing federal funds for 25 counties in Texas.  The municipality of Anáhuac in Nuevo León was evacuated after reports early on July 6 that the dam had overtopped; Anáhuac's municipal president stated that the flood could cause the "total destruction" of the city. , According to the Mexican government, Alex stopped the production of 420,000 barrels (67,000 m3) of oil per day from the Gulf of Mexico, which corresponds to a quarter of the country's total oil production. , Prior to Alex making landfall, the Brownsville, Texas National Weather Service issued a flood watch for the southernmost region of the state.  The damage to the railway infrastructure caused automotive part shortages throughout North America.  On July 7, the agency announced it had applied sanctions to 20 businesses who were found overcharging for bottled water.  Late on June 25, the Government of Honduras issued a tropical storm warning for the islands of Roatan, Guanaja and Utila. Tarballs from the spill as large as apples washed onshore around Grand Isle, as well as other parts of Louisiana, Alabama and Florida, from high storm tides created by the hurricane. , The historic rainfall caused several dams to fill throughout northeast Mexico. The depression moved slowly northeast towards the coast of South Carolina and strengthened to become tropical storm … Alex caused the deaths of at least 51 people along its path, and produced over $1.5 billion (2010 USD) in damage. However, the arrival of a strengthening Hurricane Alex likely forced the search parties to dock in secure ports until the storm passed.  However, the interaction with the mountain range caused orographic lift on the eastern side of the storm after the center of circulation had ceased to exist, producing torrential rainfall throughout northern and central Mexico. The precursor of the hurricane produced substantial rainfall across the Greater Antilles, causing one death in the Dominican Republic. Photograph: Alex Brandon/AP Donald Trump tours damage from Hurricane Laura on Saturday in Lake Charles, Louisiana, with Governor John Bel …  The coal-producing region of the state was left isolated after the Álamos River broke its banks.  An explosion and fire occurred on a bridge in the Guadalupe municipality when a transformer fell on an old gas pipe. After entering the Gulf of Mexico, Alex became very large and encountered conditions favorable for gradual development. President Felipe Calderon was traveling to Monterrey on Friday afternoon to survey the damage.-- Daniel Hernandez in Mexico City.  Some bridges on Mexican Federal Highway 57 were covered in water.  The flooded stream washed away multiple parked vehicles, a popular flea market, and sport facilities built within a riverside greenway. , The storm was expected to impact operations regarding the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, with both containment and cleanup operations being affected by repercussions from the storm (such as wave action and wind direction). Between late June and early July, the storm dropped heavy rain over Central America, Mexico, and the Gulf of Mexico.  The flooding Santa Catarina River destroyed four bridges in Monterrey; at least 60 bridges were damaged statewide.  The Comisión Nacional del Agua (CNA) noted that the storm rainfall totals greatly exceed the totals produced by Hurricane Gilbert in 1988, which only produced 11 in (280 mm) of rain in the city. The 5.86 inches (149 mm) of rain that fell alone on June 30 broke the daily rainfall record of 3.80 inches (97 mm) from 1995.  Nine tornadoes were confirmed to have touched down in the state in association with the storm, one of which overturned a mobile home. Alex is the first North Atlantic hurricane to exist in the month of January since Alice in 1955 and the first to actually form in the month of January since 1938.  One death was reported in the state on July 7 when a man died while trying to cross a flooded river.  Cuchillo Dam saw water inflows of 145,400 cu ft/s (4,118 m3/s). Image credit: Newseum.org.  On June 30, a mudslide knocked down a tree onto a 115-kV transmission line near El Vergel, causing 82 cities and towns in the municipalities of Villaflores and Villa Corzo to lose power; 32,000 residents were left without electricity from this outage alone.  In Monterrey, the local chapter of the Confederation of National Chambers of Commerce reported that in the first two days after Hurricane Alex affected the city, businesses in the city lost $750 million (2010 MXN; US$58 million).  In total, six rigs and 69 production platforms faced evacuations, causing 21% of U.S. Gulf oil output and 14% of U.S. Gulf natural-gas flows to remain offline. Alex triggered widespread power outages throughout northeastern Mexico and southern Texas. , Railway traffic throughout the state was paralyzed, as some train bridges collapsed, and extensive damage was found in the track ballast in multiple rail lines. Hurricane Laura left a path extensive property damage, a hazardous chemical fire and at least six people dead as it barreled through Louisiana.  Corn, bean, and potato crops were damaged in Suchitepéquez, San Marcos and Jutiapa departments. This color-coded image shows rainfall amounts from June 26 to July 2, 2010. At about 2100 UTC, as the tropical storm approached the Belize coast, a Hurricane Hunters flight reported winds of 65 mph (100 km/h); early on June 27, Alex made landfall just north of Belize City at this intensity. The company later reported a drop of $33 million (2010 USD) in revenue due to hurricane damage.  The damage to the road system paralyzed a route used by 40% of the trade between the United States and Mexico, as 22,000 trucks were stalled after damage to the Nuevo Laredo–Monterrey highway. What happens when a hurricane smashes into an oil refinery or other toxic facility? Hundreds of residents in Nueva Rosita and Sabinas were evacuated; in the latter case, the Sabinas River flooded to become 980 ft (300 m) in width, causing 400–500 homes to go underwater. In Nuevo León, due to the heavy rainfall, CNA also began water discharges of 25,200 cubic feet per second (713 m3/s) from the La Boca Dam in Santiago, 58,200 cu ft/s (1,648 m3/s) from Cerro Prieto in Linares, and 109,000 cu ft/s (3,080 m3/s) from Cuchillo Dam in China; the dams were at 98%, 114%, and 124% of operating maximum capacity, respectively. At 0200 UTC on July 1, Alex made landfall at peak strength, with maximum sustained winds of 105 mph (165 km/h), gusts of 125 mph (205 km/h) and an unusually low central pressure of 947 millibars (28.0 inHg) in the municipality of Soto la Marina in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. Early on June 30, the cyclone attained hurricane status as it approached northeastern Mexico, the first June h… , In Coahuila, rainfall from Alex's remnants caused a small dam in an ejido in Castaños to overtop, forcing the evacuation of 50 people in the municipality's seat.  About 400 neighborhoods of Matamoros, comprising 80% of the city, were flooded. " Following Alex's final landfall, a state of emergency was declared for most of Nuevo León, portions of Tamaulipas, and Texas.  In Linares, the rainfall from Alex's remnants caused a wing of the municipal townhouse, which was built in 1896, to collapse. , The feeder bands also produced heavy rainfall, leading to flooding on South Padre Island. The highest reported sustained wind was of 51 mph (82 km/h) at the southeast tip of Port Isabel. ET that Alex was weakening, but still a Category 1 hurricane, moving west at 12 mph with 80 mph maximum sustained … November 30, 2020 06:00 AM, The strongest gust occurred over the Queen Isabella Causeway, where a wind speed of 66 mph (106 km/h) was measured. The CBO also estimates the annual cost to repair hurricane damage at $28 billion a year. Alex was a glancing blow and Isabel crossed the coast moving inland from the southwest.  In Monterrey, mandatory evacuations alongside the Santa Catarina River were ordered, as well as the evacuation of 5,000 families in the highlands of the city. , The Secretaría de Gobernación declared a state of emergency in 21 of Nuevo León's 51 municipalities, freeing federal disaster funds for use in aid operations. , According to the Comisión Federal de Electricidad, 4,000 customers lost electric power in the Monterrey metropolitan area, as did 61,000 people statewide.  In Tamaulipas, 263,000 people were affected by Hurricane Alex, and 2,260 homes were flooded.  Twenty people in Nuevo León were reported missing. Its barometric pressure recording of 946 mbar (27.96 inches) is the most intense from any Atlantic hurricane in June, although Hurricane Audrey in 1957 ties this intensity.  The San Fernando River also breached its banks, flooding communities in San Fernando and Méndez.  At the time of its formation, the depression was moving to the west-northwest, steered by a high pressure system over the northern Gulf of Mexico. Large amounts of precipitation fell throughout the Lower Rio Grande Valley, with 6 to 9 inches (150 to 230 mm) of rainfall recorded throughout the region. , Alex destroyed the potable water infrastructure in portions of Nuevo León, causing widespread shortages of water. In Coahuila, eight people died after a plane crashed while surveying the water discharges from dams in the state; the Coahuila secretary of public works and the municipal president of Piedras Negras were among the victims.  The repairs to Monterrey's main roadways were estimated to take up to three months to complete. Governor of Texas Rick Perry declared a state of disaster in 19 counties and ordered the deployment of Texas Military Forces personnel (including 80 citizen-soldiers of the Texas State Guard Medical Brigade) to the Rio Grande Valley. , As Tropical Storm Alex progressed through the western Caribbean Sea towards the Yucatán Peninsula, it developed a large field of clouds accompanied by well-established outflow throughout its circulation. , The rainfall also caused Venustiano Carranza Dam in Coahuila to fill completely; the large water pressure in the dam forced the dam's gates shut, and cranes were employed to open them.  Municipalities in the metropolitan area used contraflow during part of the day to re-establish traffic in sections where the arterial streets bordering the Santa Catarina River were damaged only in one direction. McAllen, Texas, measured 6.66 inches (169 mm) of rain on June 30, which now constitutes the city's wettest June day on record.  In Guatemala, 350 homes and eight highways were damaged, affecting 9,000 people; 2,000 sought shelter in the country. Hurricane Alex formed on July 31 off the coast of South Carolina.Alex quickly strengthened into a category 2.  The circulation envelope of Alex remained very large, and by June 29, the storm's rainbands covered the entire western half of the Gulf of Mexico; rainfall was reported along the Texas and Louisiana coasts, even while the center was still several hundred miles offshore. Lachlan, Aurora, & Brandt were born on the eve of Hurricane Alex, August 2, 2004. The flood damaged 1,000 homes, damaging urban infrastructure, power, water and telecommunication services; 500 people sought refuge in shelters. , The outer rainbands of Alex caused three deaths in Acapulco, Guerrero, after a retaining wall collapsed over the occupants of an improvised shack in a vacant lot. , Along the coast, 13 ft (4 m) waves were reported when the storm came ashore. Alex initially formed from a tropical depression that was spawned by an upper level low east of the Florida peninsula on the evening of 31 July 2004. The ensuing flood rose 3.3 ft (1 m) and damaged 15 homes.  Still, after enough time over land, convective activity markedly decreased, and Alex weakened to tropical depression status as it approached the peninsula's western coastline; although post-analysis determined that Alex remained a minimal tropical storm.  In San Nicolás de los Garza, the Arroyo Topo Chico exceeded its banks, forcing multiple street closures.  Preliminary estimates of the damage in the state rose to $10 billion (2010 MXN; US$762 million); final damage estimates released on August 5 totaled $16.9 billion (2010 MXN; US$1.35 billion) statewide. , Immediately after the storm formed on June 25, a tropical storm warning was issued for the entire east coast of Quintana Roo on Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula. Shortly thereafter, the tropical storm warning was extended to include the east coast of Belize. However, more significant damage was avoided as the bulk of the 4 feet (1.2 m) storm tide hit South Padre and Port Isabel at low tide. Alex is thus tied for the most intense June Atlantic hurricane on record overall.  Late on June 25, Hurricane Hunters verified the development of a surface low pressure area, which, combined with the increase of thunderstorm activity, indicated the system was a tropical depression. Thirteen shelters were opened in Reynosa, twenty-two in Matamoros, and ten in San Fernando; a total of 3,000 people sought protection from the storm in the three municipalities.  In Nuevo León and Coahuila, most of the damage was to animal husbandry; in Nuevo León, 3,645 heads of cattle, 3,580 goats, 7,265 sheep and 194 horses were lost, while in Coahuila, 3,709 goats, 258 cattle and 56 sheep were killed.  Later that day, convection increased over the center of circulation, and atmospheric pressures dropped across the region.  The National Hurricane Center (NHC) first mentioned it as a candidate for tropical cyclone formation on June 20, while it was crossing the Windward Islands into the southeastern Caribbean Sea; at the time, some upper-level wind shear was present, leading to conditions only marginally favorable for development. 0  Combined with the rainfall produced by Tropical Depression Two, the Rio Grande was under flood conditions for much of the month of July. The storm dropped 10 inches (250 mm) of rainfall in Matamoros, flooding 120 colonias, and leaving six of the 120 underwater.  The hurricane strengthened into a Category 2 storm late on June 30 as it approached the northeastern Mexican coast. Thankfully, Hurricane Alex was only a category one.  However, contingency plans were put in place to prepare for the crest of the Sabinas River, a tributary of the Rio Grande, and the subsequent crest on the Rio Grande itself, which was expected to carry at least 140,000 cu ft/s (4,000 m3/s) due to additional inflows from other tributaries. Hurricane Alex was a rare June Atlantic hurricane and the first tropical cyclone to develop in the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season. , According to estimates from the Mexican Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA), 504,000 acres (203,800 ha) of farmland were damaged as a result from Alex in northeastern Mexico, corresponding to 11% of the total farmland in Tamaulipas, Nuevo León and Coahuila. Approximately 600 people died in the storm in New England, most in Rhode Island , … Near San Francisco Ixhuatán, the Ostuta river breached its banks, flooding 1,000 homes. Unusually, Alex strengthened to a Category 3 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale while off the coast of New England. Other rainfall stations in Monterrey recorded between 14.163 in (359.75 mm) and 24.4 in (619 mm) of rain, while Santa Catarina recorded 23.297 in (591.75 mm) of precipitation. 2025 0 obj <>stream h�bbd```b`` ����d>�d���@$�\�;�V���`�H2�y�r 2��V���0012��u�QD�g��� � �36 , When Alex was still located over the Yucatán Peninsula, the NHC remarked upon the potential for significant strengthening. , Prior to its second landfall, Alex caused one death in the state of Oaxaca when a wall collapsed on a dwelling in San Juan Chapultepec, killing the woman who was sleeping inside.  The water releases from these dams raised a state of alert in Tamaulipas, which was slated to receive the discharged water.  18 wells lost power, leaving 110,000 without water service in the municipalities of Santa Catarina and García.  On June 30, the state's civil defense agency and education secretary announced that schools would be closed throughout the state during the storm.  Two thousand heads of cattle were also lost in Nuevo Laredo. The first named storm of the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season, Alex strengthened to a hurricane before making landfall in northeastern Mexico. It’s still extremely abnormal to have a hurricane actually make landfall in the Azores. The remnants were identified and dated by personnel from the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia..  The next day, however, the feature deteriorated as thunderstorm activity spread across the Greater Antilles, although the upper-level regime remained favorable for eventual redevelopment. The National Hurricane Center upgraded eastern Atlantic ocean subtropical storm Alex to hurricane status Thursday as it heads toward the coast of Azores, Portugal. , Following the storm's final landfall, Mexico's Secretariat of National Defense deployed 800 troops to Nuevo León and Tamaulipas under Plan DN-III-E to help aid operations.  Heavy winds and rainfall knocked down billboards and trees in the capital, but no injuries were reported in the city. ", "Alex weakens, but rain pounds coast—Matamoros, Mexico, 'is practically under water,' official says", "Alex spreads tar balls, oily water along Gulf", "Alex deja deslaves e inundaciones en Chiapas", "Alex provocó lluvias torrenciales superiores a las de Gilberto, en 1988", Secretaría del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, "Solicita gobierno de NL declarar zona de desastre por Alex", "Conagua trabaja permanentemente para atender los estragos del huracán Alex", "Conagua abre tres compuertas de la presa El Cuchillo para evitar desbordamientos", "Conagua contribuirá, a través del Fonden, en la reconstrucción de la infraestructura hidráulica dañada en Nuevo León", "Tras los destrozos, ahora empieza la reconstrucción", "Mantiene Tamaulipas alerta por desfogue de presas de NL", "CNA mantiene alerta por crecida del Río Sabinas y el Río Bravo", "Amargos Recuerdos: Se desborda Río Escondido", "Aumenta el nivel del río Bravo en Coahuila; evacúan a nigropetenses", "Cierran dos puentes transfronterizos en Laredo", "Ordenan la evacuación de familias en Villa de Fuente, Coahuila", "Tras desbordarse presa Anáhuac desaparecería", "Mexican town evacuated amid fears dam will burst", "Hoy, quedarán abiertas las 26 compuertas de la Presa: CNA", "Permanecen viviendas en Anáhuac bajo tres metros de agua", "Evacuan a militares y a reos de Anáhuac", "Deja Alex 256 mil personas sin luz en Tamaulipas", "Huracán Alex deja daños en frontera norte y zona centro", "Lluvias incomunican comunidades en Tamaulipas", "Álex dejó 6 mil casas dañadas en Tamaulipas", "Más de mil mdp daño preliminar por "Alex": EHF", "Cobra "Alex" hasta el momento siete muertos en NL", "Cobra "Alex" hasta el momento seis muertos en NL", "Lluvias por huracán Alex provocan cuatro muertes en Nuevo León", "Hallan 2 muertos más por causa del huracán", "Hallan dos cadáveres; van 12 víctimas de Alex", "Iguala Alex a Emily en víctimas: ya lleva 15", "Ocho muertos y 20 desaparecidos por Alex en NL", "Mas de 4 mil usuarios sin energía eléctrica: CFE", "Arrastra autos y puestos crecida de río Santa Catarina en NL", "Sufre Nuevo León estela de destrucción de Alex", "Cierran por deslaves autopista Monterrey-Saltillo", "Derrame petrolero en municipio de Montemorelos por las lluvias", "Descartan contaminación de agua por petróleo en río Pilón", "Recibe NL 282 mdp para la reconstrucción de escuelas", "Problemas de Acceso a Internet en México provocados por el Huracán Alex", "Sin servicio de celular más de 18 mil usuarios de la Región Carbonífera", "Alex afecta comunicaciones de Telefónica", "Reconstrucción en NL costaría 10 mil mdp, afirma gobernador", "Rebasan pronósticos: Daños por 17 mil mdp", "Alerta en Coahuila por desborde de represa", "Alex deja daños por más de mil mdp en Coahuila", "Coahuila: Estiman daños por 400 mdp tras Alex", "Alex Spares the Valley Early Season Disaster", "Yesterday's Storm Report (1200 UTC – 1159 UTC)", "Alex Slams South Texas with Flooding Rain, Wind, Tornadoes", "El huracán Alex deja más lluvia que Gilberto: Conagua", "Más de 60,000 personas fueron evacuadas por Alex en Nuevo León", "Lluvias dejan 80 mil damnificados en Coahuila", "Declaran emergencia para 21 municipios de NL", "Declaran emergencia para 10 municipios más de NL", "Segob declara emergencia para municipios de Tamaulipas", "México: Se autorizan 3,802.3 millones de pesos del FONDEN para los 49 municipios de Nuevo León", "México: Se autorizan 206 MDP del FONDEN para 19 municipios de Tamaulipas", "Gov. 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