geography of england

Geography and Climate. Print Book & E-Book. Uplands in the north include the Pennines, an upland chain dividing east and west, the Lake District, containing the highest mountains in the country, the Cheviot Hills across the Anglo-Scottish border, and the North York Moors near the North Sea. England's climate is moderated by its maritime location and the presence of the Gulf Stream. The English coastline varies a great deal by the seas and regions it borders. England has coastlines along the Celtic, North, and Irish Seas and the English Channel, and its area includes more than 100 small islands.England has a long history with human settlement dating back to prehistoric times, and it became a unified region in 927. Learn About Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. England, formerly a kingdom and independent country, united with Scotland to form what would eventually become the UK (Wales was treated as part of England at that time). England's economy is the largest in the United Kingdom, and the main industries are finance and banking, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, aerospace, shipbuilding, tourism, and software/information technology. The average January low temperature is 34 F (1 C), and the average July high temperature is 70 F (21 C).9) England is separated from France and continental Europe by a 21-mile (34 km) gap. It takes up just under two thirds of the island of Great Britain, the rest comprising Scotland and. The North Sea coast of England is mainly flat and sandy with many dunes and is similar to coastlines across the sea in the Netherlands. The English Irish Sea coast hosts two important geographic areas, Morecambe Bay, a large bay, and the Furness and Walney Island areas. The English Irish Sea coast is an important area of estuaries and bird life, with Wirral being a peninsula bounded by two rivers, the River Dee and the River Mersey. Purchase Historical Geography of England and Wales - 1st Edition. Four countries make up the UK – England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The highest area of England is the North West, which contains England's highest hills and mountains, including its highest – Scafell Pike. Some New England states have rocky soil, hilly landscapes and thick forests, while others have flat land and rich soil. Some hill and mountain chains in England are: The main English islands by area and population are: The longest river in England is the River Severn which has its source in Wales, enters England at its confluence with the River Vyrnwy and flows into the Bristol Channel. England is in a unique and controversial position of being a political entity within the UK and as of 2015 having no self-governance. England is divided up into nine regions, Scotland into 32 council areas, Wales into 22 authorities, and Northern Ireland into 26 districts. The lowland areas are typically traversed by ranges of low hills, frequently composed of chalk, and flat plains. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. br/>4) Its population of more than 55 million people (2016 estimate) makes England the largest … The Angles and Saxons, the Germanic settlers who would turn Britannia into England, came from the continent and penetrated the island from the east, crossing the North Sea and the Channel. The total land area of England is 132,938 km2 (51,328 sq mi). The physical geography of the UK varies greatly. The first thing to remember about England is, of course, that it forms part of an island. There are also several large rivers in England, one of which is the famous Thames River, which runs through London. Political geography. It is closer to continental Europe than any other part of mainland Britain, divided from France only by a 33 km (21 mi) sea gap, the English Channel. The English coastline re-emerges again in North West England. This stretch of coastline stretches from Devon to Land's End in Cornwall, the westernmost part of mainland England. Political geography. Liverpool and Merseyside are areas of high population and important industry along this coast, with tourist resorts of Southport and Blackpool being further to the north. The highest temperature recorded in England is 38.7 Â°C (101.7 Â°F) on 25 July 2019 at Cambridge University Botanic Garden. Patrick O'Leary, "Derby's long road to city status", Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10 economically strongest areas in the European Union, "Met Office confirms highest temperature ever recorded in the UK", "England Coast Path: Frequently Asked Questions (June 2012)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_England&oldid=993431614, Articles needing additional references from April 2011, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Average max. mi). … Below the regions in the hierarchy are England's 48 ceremonial counties, followed by metropolitan counties and civil parishes.3) England has one of the largest economies in the world, and it is very mixed, with sectors in manufacturing and service. Note however that the diagram shows the geographic structure rather than the administrative reporting structure. Two of the 10 economically strongest areas in the European Union are in England. The English section of the Irish Sea coast ends at the border with Scotland in the Solway Firth. The geology of England is recognisable in the landscape of its counties, for instance Cumbria, Kent and Norfolk all have very distinct and very different looks from each other. England is in a unique and controversial position of being a political entity within the UK and as of 2015 having no self-governance. The following table shows the GDP (2004) per capita of England as a whole and each of the nine regions. We look at facts about the UK and we see how Britain is a modern country with a rich heritage. Settlers: Genetics, geography, and the peopling of Britain An exhibition at Oxford University Museum of Natural History, 9 February - 16 September 2018 Scotlandis the most mountainous cou… Northern Ireland (also known as Ulster) I am a small island off the South West coast of Cornwall, famous for its gulf stream heated water. It is closer to continental Europe than any other part of mainland Britain, divided from France only by a 33 km (21 mi) sea gap, the English Channel. Geography of Vancouver, British Columbia. Geography of England. The upland areas include the Lake District, the Pennines, North York Moors, Exmoor and Dartmoor. The geology of Northern England and Western England tends to be somewhat closer to that of its near neighbours, Wales and Scotland, with the geology of Southern England and Eastern England being more aligned with that found across the North Sea and English Channel in Northern France, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Uplands in the west include Dartmoor and Exmoor in the south west and the Shropshire Hills near Wales. London is, by far, the largest urban area in England and one of the largest and busiest cities in the world. The South Coast continues to the Isle of Wight, but eventually gives way to the Jurassic Coast of Dorset, a coastline rich in beauty, history and fossils. Other religions practiced in England include Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism, Buddhism, the Bahá'í Faith, the Rastafari Movement, and Neopaganism.7) England makes up about two-thirds of the island of Great Britain and the offshore areas of the Isle of Wight and the Isles of Scilly. KS2 Geography learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers organised by topic. The youngest rocks are in the south east, progressing in age in a north-westerly direction. Geography of Sendai, Japan. Inner London is number 1 with a €71 338 GDP per capita (303% above EU average);Berkshire, Buckinghamshire & Oxfordshire is number 7 with a €40 937 GDP per capita (174% above EU average). England does not have its own devolved parliament and so is entirely subject to the administration of the UK Government in Westminster. Generally the Northern and Western areas of England are the poorest, with the Southern and Eastern areas being the richest. 20 Quiz Questions on UK Geography Here are 20 UK Geography Questions that are provided for your Quiz or Trivia Night at no cost. The Geography of the New England. The Tees-Exe line marks the division between younger, softer and low-lying rocks in the south east and older, harder, and generally a higher relief in the north-west. The economy of England is the largest part of the United Kingdom's economy. England has two land borders: a 96 km (60 mi) border with Scotland that follows the Cheviot Hills and a 257 km (160 mi) border with Wales that loosely follows the route of Offa's Dyke. England is represented by MPs in the British Parliament and matters relating only to England are also dealt with by the UK parliament. ISBN 9780122192531, 9781483288413 Do not use the term England if you are referring to the United Kingdom as a whole. The names are not interchangeable.The following is a list of 10 geographic facts to know about England:1) Today England is governed as a constitutional monarchy under a parliamentary democracy within the United Kingdom, and it is controlled directly by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. temperatures in °F, Northernmost point – Marshall Meadows Bay, Northumberland at, Northernmost settlement – Marshall Meadows, Northumberland at, Westernmost settlement – St Agnes, Isles of Scilly at, Easternmost point – Lowestoft Ness, Suffolk at, Easternmost settlement – Lowestoft, Suffolk at, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 16:04. The strength of the English economy varies from region to region. The weather in England is temperate with mild summers and winters, influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and the warm Gulf Stream. England has not had its own government since 1707 when it joined Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.2) Several different political subdivisions attend to local administration within England's borders. It is driest in the east and warmest in the south, which is closest to the European mainland. Freya’s Uncle Bob has been all over the UK to England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Devon, administrative, geographic, and historic county of England. The prevailing wind is from the south-west, bringing mild and wet weather to England regularly from the Atlantic Ocean. [1] Crops and fallow land accounts for 30% of the land area, grasses and rough grazing 36%, other agricultural land 5%, forest and woodland 8%, and urban development 21%.[12]. The English/French border is halfway along the tunnel.[4]. The New England Colonies are filled with flat hills and lowlands. In England, a mountain is officially defined as land over 600 metres, so most fall in Northern England. England was divided into a number of regions which also sent representatives to the European Parliament before Brexit. For each main topic there is a game screen … temperatures in °C, Average max. There are a total of 32 cities, 32 water bodies, and 32 geographical features covered. The Channel Tunnel is the longest undersea tunnel in the world.10) Many of the universities in England are some of the world's highest ranked. The subdivisions of England are shown in the diagram above. England - General Trivia Questions & Answers : England This category is for questions and answers related to England - General, as asked by users of FunTrivia.com.. So, what is the United Kingdom? Description; Facts; Flag; Geography Statistics; Location; Maps; Symbols; England is divided central and north by the Pennines, a low mountain range that stretches for almost 250 miles (400 km), from Birmingham north into the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border. It is bordered by Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Geology of England is mainly sedimentary. Because the city was built … Accuracy: A team of editors takes feedback from our visitors to keep trivia as up to date and as accurate as possible.Complete quiz index can be found here: England … It includes the chalk cliffs of Kent [1] and Dorset [2], the rolling hills and fields of southeast England, the granite cliffs of Cornwall [3], the mountains of Wales [4], the uplands of the Peak District [5] and the Pennines [6], the lakes and mountains of Cumbria [7], the Scottish lowlands … We will then combine our knowledge of all of the … Physical Geography Attractions Cost Not only is London the capital city of the U.K., it's also the most urbanized . England consists of mostly lowland terrain, with upland or mountainous terrain only found north-west of the Tees-Exe line. [2] The 50 km (31 mi) Channel Tunnel,[3] near Folkestone, directly links England to mainland Europe. Most of England consists of low hills and plains, with upland and mountainous terrain in the north and west. Isle of Man Geographic Facts About Oregon. According to the ONS urban area populations for continuous built-up areas, these are the 15 largest conurbations (population figures from the 2001 census): The largest cities in England are as follows (in alphabetical order): England is generally lower and flatter than the rest of the UK, but has two main divisions in its form – the lowland areas of the south, east, and midlands and the more rugged and upland areas of the north and west. Created for teachers, by teachers! The seasons are quite variable in temperature, however temperatures rarely fall below −5 Â°C (23 Â°F) or rise above 30 Â°C (86 Â°F). In trade, New England has mild and short summers, while having cold winters but less disease than the warmer colonies. England is also sunnier throughout the year, but unlike Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland, the sunniest month is July, totalling around 192.8 hours. The approximate dividing line between terrain types is often indicated by the Tees-Exe line. Geography of Moscow, Russia. England has two land borders: a 96 km (60 mi) border with Scotland that follows the Cheviot Hills and a 257 km (160 mi) border with Wales that loosely follows the route of Offa's Dyke. England's economy is the largest in the United Kingdom, and the main industries are finance and banking, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, aerospace, shipbuilding, tourism, and software/information technology.
4) Its population of more than 55 million people (2016 estimate) makes England the largest geographical region in the United Kingdom. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. England is bordered to the north by Scotland and to the west by Wales. The climate of south-west England is rather distinct and somewhat milder than the rest of England, forming its own separate climate. The longest river entirely within England is the River Thames which flows through the English and British capital, London. The Bristol Channel lies to the north, and the English Channel abuts it to the south. Most of its largest lakes lie within the aptly named Lake District in Cumbria, Northern England. Snowfall can occur in winter and early spring, although it is not very common away from high ground. The physical geography of the UK varies greatly. Although the largest nation within the UK, England is relatively absent of large lakes, with many of its former wetlands being drained throughout the Middle Ages. This landscape is based on complex underlying structures that form intricate patterns on England’s geologic map. This river is also the longest river in England.8) The climate is considered temperate maritime, and it has mild summers and winters. [6] The lowest temperature recorded in England is −26.1 Â°C (−15.0 Â°F) on 10 January 1982 at Edgmond, near Shropshire. England … Much of it consists of rolling hillsides, with the highest elevations found in the north, northwest, and southwest. Following the coastline northwards the coast remains much the same as in south Devon and Cornwall but is besides the Celtic Sea until it eventually reaches the Bristol Channel, an important shipping and docking area. Divisions: The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. England is not considered a separate nation, as it is governed by the United Kingdom. However, they are physically connected to each other by the Channel Tunnel near Folkestone. England is in a unique and controversial position of being a political entity within the UK and as of 2015 having no self-governance. Take our England Geography Quiz below to find out. The Vale of York and The Fens host many of England's larger rivers. This, in turn, has created a lush land of greenery and blooms. We will then zoom into England and look at the different human and physical geographical features. Geography Facts About England. The largest natural harbour in England is at Poole, on the south-central coast. You might hear it referred to as Britain, Great Britain or more often, simply as ‘The UK’. It has a total area of 50,346 square miles (130,395 sq km) and a topography that consists mainly of gently rolling hills and lowlands. To add, they have many mountains and have impoverished soil which makes it fairly difficult to farm on. England is bordered to the north by Scotland and to the west by Wales. The coastline here is similar to the North Sea coast in that it is mainly flat and sandy, with the only notable cliffs along this stretch of coast being at St Bees Head in Cumbria. ... Key stage 1 Geography. Rainfall is fairly evenly spread throughout the year, though the west is wetter than the east. There are four different levels within these divisions, the highest level of which are the nine regions of England. England comprises most of the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, in addition to a number of small islands of which the largest is the Isle of Wight. England, formerly a kingdom and independent country, united with Scotland to form what would eventually become the UK (Wales was treated as part of England at that time). England comprises most of the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, in addition to a number of small islands of which the largest is the Isle of Wight. It has a population density of 1,054 persons per square mile (407 persons per square km), and the largest city in England is London, at 8.8 million people and growing.5) The main language spoken in England is English; however, there are many regional dialects of English used throughout England. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Geography and Fun Facts About Great Britain, Difference Between the UK, Great Britain, and England, Key Events in the History of the English Language, Biography of Sarah Parker Remond, North American 19th-Century Black Activist, Geographic and Historical Facts About London, Administrative Divisions Within Nations Around the World, Women Rulers of England and Great Britain, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. England teaching resources for Key Stage 2 - Year 3, 4, 5, 6. Along the English Channel, the South Coast builds up into steep, white cliffs at Dover, which are often seen as an iconic symbol of England and Britain. The list of England's largest cities or urban areas is open to debate because, although the normal meaning of city is "a continuously built-up urban area", this can be hard to define, particularly because administrative areas in England often do not correspond with the limits of urban development, and many towns and cities have, over the centuries, grown to form complex urban agglomerations. These include the University of Cambridge, Imperial College London, the University of Oxford, and University College London. England’s topography is low in elevation but, except in the east, rarely flat. These include the North East, North West, Yorkshire and the Humber, East Midlands, West Midlands, East, South East, South West, and London. A downloadable game. East Anglia is the lowest area of England, having no high hills or mountains and hosting an area of the Fens, the lowest area of England. It forms part of the South West (or Cornish) Peninsula of Great Britain and is bounded to the west by Cornwall and to the east by Dorset and Somerset. The geography of the New England Colonies is diverse. It was then the independent Kingdom of England until 1707 when the Kingdom of Great Britain was founded. The most common of these are Punjabi and Urdu.6) Throughout most of its history, the people of England have been mainly Christian in religion, and today the Anglican Christian Church of England is England's established church. There are six game screens. Crops, flowers and plants can be grown much earlier in the south-west than in the rest of England and the UK. London, the capital of England and the United Kingdom, is also one of the world's largest financial centers. We look at images of the UK and there information and activities all designed to help you understand all about the Geography … To the west, the Irish Sea separates England from Ireland and the Isle of Man; to the east, the North Sea separates England from Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium and to the south, the English Channel separates England from France and the Channel Islands. The English North Sea coast is an important area of bird life and is a habitat for many shore and wading birds. and min. Other cities, mainly in central and northern England, are of substantial size and influence. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. GDP, and GDP per capita is highest in London. 10 Geographic Facts About … England Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. To give it its full title it’s ‘The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland’. Standing on the River Thames and located in South England, London covers 1,579 square km (610 sq. Geography. From the traditional to the modern, from the unique to the exciting. England, formerly a kingdom and independent country, united with Scotland to form what would eventually become the UK (Wales was treated as part of England at that time). Some regard it as the second largest harbour in the world, after Sydney, Australia, although this fact is disputed (see harbours for a list of other large natural harbours). A very small area, the Isles of Scilly lie in the warmest zone in the British Isles, zone 10 which is close to Sub-Tropical. Lesson overview: What is the geography of England? Professional United Kingdom teaching resources. Geography and Fun Facts About Great Britain. England boasts one of the largest economies in Europe and indeed the world, with an average GDP per capita of £22,907. In this, they duplicated the movement, centuries earlier, of the Romans. In the far northwest corner of the country - within the … England has 4,422 km (2,748 mi) of coastline,[11] much less than the deeply indented Scottish coastline. England is a part of Europe's United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland), and it is located on the island of Great Britain. and min. The River Thames cuts London in half, creating northern and southern halves. In 1800 the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was formed, and after some political and social instability in Ireland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland was formed in 1927. England is a relatively wet country due to its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The southern colonies are bordered by the Appalachian Mountains on the west and all of the colonies, with the exception of Pennsylvania, … The currency in England is the pound sterling, also known as the GBP. England has warmer maximum and minimum temperatures throughout the year than the other countries of the UK, though Wales has milder minima from November to February, and Northern Ireland has warmer maxima from December to February. To the south of that line, there are larger areas of flatter land, including East Anglia and the Fens, although hilly areas include the Cotswolds, the Chilterns, and the North and South Downs. Into Devon and Cornwall, the coastline becomes more rocky and steep, with numerous cliffs and tiny fishing villages along the coastline. In this topic, we look at the geography of the UK. The 50 km (31 mi) Channel Tunnel, … Further north into Cumbria the Sellafield Nuclear Power Station lies along this coast. View in classroom. [8][9] For the official definition of a UK (and therefore English) city, see City status in the United Kingdom. The program covers three main topics Cities, Water Bodies, and Features on the map of England, Scotland, Ireland & Wales. The United Kingdom, consisting of Great Britain (England, Wales, and Scotland) and Northern Ireland, is twice the size of New York State.England, in the southeast part of the British Isles, is separated from Scotland on the north by the granite Cheviot Hills; from them the Pennine chain of uplands extends south through the center of England… (Answers at bottom of page): English Places Quiz. England mainly lies within hardiness zone 8, but the Pennines and Cumbrian Mountains lie in the colder zone 7 and south west England, the Irish sea coast, South coast and London lie in the warmer zone 9. Precipitation is also common throughout much of the year. In addition, recent large numbers of immigrants have introduced several new languages to England. Geography of England. This church also has a constitutional position within the United Kingdom. Of the total land area of England, urban development makes up about 21%, crops and fallow land about 30%, grasses and grazing area 36%, other agricultural land 5% and forests about 8%. The coastline of Devon and Cornwall has similarities to that of Brittany in France directly opposite. England … The UK is made up of: Great Britain (the formerly separate realms of England and Scotland, and the principality of Wales. ) England prints its own banknotes which are also circulated in Wales. England's economy is usually regarded as a mixed market economy, it has adopted many free market principles in contrast to the Rhine Capitalism of Europe, yet maintains an advanced social welfare infrastructure. 1. Geography of Dubai. Each country has its own way of forming administrative divisions of the government. For each statement, choose which of the four options is being described. In this lesson, we will recap our knowledge of the seven continents, and locate the UK on a world map. 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